Nature of the Cretaceous-Tertiary planktonic foraminiferal record; stratigraphic confidence intervals, Signor-Lipps effect, and patterns of survivorship

Author(s): MacLeod, Norman
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Natural History Museum, Department of Palaeontology, London, United Kingdom
Volume Title: Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinctions; biotic and environmental changes
Volume Author(s): MacLeod, Norman, editor; Keller, Gerta
Source: Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinctions; biotic and environmental changes, edited by Norman MacLeod and Gerta Keller, p.85-138. Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company, New York, United States. ISBN: 0-393-96657-7
Note: In English. 136 refs.; illus., incl. 3 tables, charts
Summary: This report is based on samples collected from Denmark, Spain, Brazos River, TX, and Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 738, Kerguelen Plateau. The distribution of these sections and cores plotted on a paleogeographic reconstruction of continental positions at 65 Ma is shown in a figure, and a summary of their depositional environments is shown in another. The exact sample positions were provided in the biostratigraphic literature included. The concept known as the Signor-Lipps effect restates that fossil data are complex and often imperfect records of the past. Many quantitative techniques are available to test aspects of local fossil records to determine whether they have been biased in particular directions. Herein, stratigraphic confidence limits and tests associated with the Signor-Lipps effect are used to examine the planktonic foraminiferal fossil records of the four study sections and/or cores.
Year of Publication: 1996
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Adaptation; Biostratigraphy; Biozones; Brazos River; Cenozoic; Correlation; Cretaceous; Foraminifera; Fossilization; K-Pg boundary; Kerguelen Plateau; Leg 119; Lower Paleocene; Mass extinctions; Mesozoic; Microfossils; ODP Site 738; Ocean Drilling Program; Paleocene; Paleogene; Patterns; Planktonic taxa; Populations; Preservation; Sedimentation; Sedimentation rates; Signor-Lipps effect; Southern Ocean; Species diversity; Stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; Texas; United States; Upper Cretaceous
Record ID: 2019054417
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from the Antarctic Bibliography, United States

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