Marine-continental tephra correlations (Pantelleria, Italy, and Ionian Basin); the potential for Mediterranean marker horizons

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Author(s): Jordan, Nina
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
Volume Title: European Geosciences Union general assembly 2016
Source: Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.18; European Geosciences Union general assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, April 17-22, 2016. Publisher: Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the European Geosciences Union (EGU), Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany. ISSN: 1029-7006
Note: In English
Summary: Paleo-environmental records from marine and terrestrial archives in the Mediterranean show broad-scale and millennial-scale climatic changes. Synchronising these records requires robust chronological control which may be achieved using isochronous tephra marker horizons. These need to be widespread and sufficiently unique in chemistry to be distinguished from each other. Pantelleria Volcano, Italy, satisfies these criteria, with eruptions blanketing the Mediterranean Sea and being distinct from every other volcano in the region. This peralkaline volcano is already well-known for its 46 ka marker horizon (Y-6 ) but there is potential for extending correlations further back in time. Until recently, correlations were limited by scarce onshore glass data and few sediment cores covering sufficiently long time periods to compare with Pantelleria's >200 ka explosive volcanic history. Building on recent work that has established a detailed onshore stratigraphy, glass data are presented from Pantelleria and site 964 of ODP leg 160 which is situated 400 km downwind from the volcano. New correlations can be established and previous suggestions are discussed in the light of this new data, representing a significant step forward in confident marine-continental tephra correlations. [Copyright Author(s) 2016. CC Attribution 3.0 License:]
Year of Publication: 2016
Research Program: ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 24 Surficial Geology, Quaternary Geology; Cenozoic; Chronostratigraphy; Cores; East Mediterranean; Europe; Italy; Leg 160; Marine sediments; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean region; ODP Site 964; Ocean Drilling Program; Pantelleria; Quaternary; Sediments; Sicily Italy; Southern Europe; Tephrochronology; Volcanism
Coordinates: N361538 N361538 E0174500 E0174500
Record ID: 2019065031
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from European Geosciences Union, Munich, Germany